HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at London, UK or Virtually from your home or work.

International Nursing Science Conference

August 21-23, 2023 | London, UK

August 21 -23, 2023 | London, UK
Nursing Science 2023

B Vishnu Bhat

B Vishnu Bhat, Speaker at Nursing Science Congress
Aarupadai Veedu Medical College and Hospital, India
Title : Should we look beyond antibiotics while treating neonates with sepsis?


Sepsis is an important medical emergency among neonates affecting 15-20 infants per 1000 live births in low and middle-income countries. The mortality can be as high as 15-20% especially among pre-term and low birth weight babies. Antimicrobial resistance is an important issue that needs to be tackled. The restricted use of effective short spectrum antibiotics for the minimum number of days should be recommended. The maintenance of good hygienic practices and antibiotics stewardship are other measures to curtail infections and reduce antimicrobial resistance. Gram negative bacteria like E. coli, Klebsiella, Acinetobacter and Pseudomonas are responsible for mostof the neonatal infections. Among the Gram-positive organisms; Staph aureus, Streptococci, Enterobacter species are common. But the major issue is the non-specific presentation of sepsis among neonates and non-availability of reliable screening tests for early diagnosis. It is observed that there is variable individual susceptibility of neonates for infection. Global DNA methylation studies and infection related gene analysis showed that there is significant genetic difference between infants with infection and healthy controls. There is increase in inflammatory mediators at the initiation of infection process. As the disease advances, the surge in inflammatory mediators leads to organ damage and death. Use of Narciclasine, a plant anti-inflammatory alkaloid has been found to be beneficial in reducing the severity and better survival among sepsis induced neonatal rat model. Zinc is a micronutrient found to be beneficial in reducing susceptibility to infection among neonates. Moreover, it reduces duration and severity of diarrhea and respiratory infections among children. We observed reduction in mortality and morbidity among neonates with sepsis who received Zinc in addition to ntibiotics. One should be careful in avoiding administering Zinc in higher amounts since it can cause copper deficiency and other side effects.


Dr. B. Vishnu Bhat is a Director - Medical Research and a Professor of Pediatrics and Neonatology at Aarupadai Veedu Medical College and Hospital, Pondicherry. Also the Former Director and Dean Research,JIPMER.

Experience: Training of Undergraduates & Postgraduates in Pediatrics since1979, Faculty –National teachers training centre since 1987, Training of Post-Doctoral (DM) and PhD in Neonatology since 2009.

Publications: Scientific papers -384
Chapters in books -71
Edited a book on Protein Energy Malnutrition
Edited a book on NICU protocols of JIPMER
Edited a book on NNF protocols in Perinatology
H-index:35, i-10 index:82, Citations: 4287, Reads: 97,240, RG score:41.63.

Associate Editor: Indian Journal of Pediatrics Reviewing articles for many National and international Medical Journals.

Awards: Best outgoing student from school
Best Intern award
Best scientific paper award - JIPMER Scientific Society – Thrice
BR Santhanakrishnan award for best paper in Tamilnadu IAP
Nagasamy oration of National Neonatology forum -TNSB-2013
Oration of Kerala Nocon - 2014
Oration of JIPMER scientific society -2014
National neonatology forum fellowship award -2014
Life time achievement award – Pondicherry chapter of Indian Medical Association- 2015
Raj-Neocon oration -2016
Internal oration for JIPMER research day -2017
Internal oration of Aarupadai veedu medical college & hospital-2020
Annual oration of National neonatology forum of India – 2021
Dr.K.C Chaudhuri ‘Life time achievement award oration’ of Indian journal of Pediatrics-2022
Life time research achievement award during CAMR conference of AVMC 2022
Life time achievement award and Dr.Rita sood memorial oration- Medical education unit, India-2022
WHO fellowship in Basic MCH care –Nepal & Thailand - 1989                                                          
WHO fellowship in Neonatology at University of Ilinois, Chicago, USA-1992.

Field of interest: Medical education, Perinatal asphyxia, Neonatal sepsis, Congenital malformations, Management of Preterm and low birth weight infants.