Midwifery refers to the care of women during pregnancy, childbirth (parturition), and the postpartum period, which sometimes includes newborn care. Nurses and midwives are frequently the first and, in some cases, only health care providers that individuals encounter, therefore the quality of their first assessment, care, and treatment is critical. They are also a part of their local community, sharing its culture, strengths, and weaknesses, and can help patients, families, and communities by shaping and delivering successful interventions. Midwifery practise is deeply rooted in culture around the world, and exact criteria and education for midwives differ by country. Midwifery care includes both pregnancy and routine gynaecological needs throughout a woman's life cycle at the turn of the twenty-first century.