Title : Medication administration errors for patients admitted at Jakaya Kikwete Cardiac Institute Dar es salaam Tanzania
Background: Medication administration errors are among the most common type in medication error. They are the most common health threatening mistakes that affect the health and safety of the patient. Such mistakes are considered as a global problem which increases mortality rates, length of hospital stays, and other related costs.
Objective: To explore the types, causes and why medication administration errors are not reported.
Methods: The present descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 75 nurses randomly selected from Jakaya Kikwete Cardiac Institute working in wards and intensive care units. A four-part questionnaire was used. The first part was on the participant demographic characteristics. The second part consisted of 15 questions on why medication errors occur. The third part consisted of 8 items asking on why medication errors are not reported and the fourth part comprised of 9 items on estimated percent of each type of error reported. Data were analysed using SPSS software version 20. The significant p-value was considered less than 0.05.
Results: Majority of the participants were female 72%, male 28%. The mean age was 34.5+-1.93, the majority had diploma level 65.4%, bachelor degree 29.3%, and master degree 5.3%. The most reported error was wrong time of administration and omission error. The most possible cause of error was tiredness due to excess work, few numbers of nurses to patient’s ratio, and heavy workload in the ward. The most reasons why medication errors are not reported was absence of incident report book for medication error, lack of protocol or guideline for medication error and fear of the staff from being fired after reporting drug error.
Conclusion: Since many medication errors are not reported by nurses, nursing leader must show positive response to nurses who are reporting medication error in order to improve patient safety. It is also very important to increase the number of qualified staffs in each working shift since heavy workload, fatigue and inadequate staff in each working shift are the most effective factor causing medication error.
Key words: Medication administration error, Prevalence, Risk factors, Cardiac institute.
Audience Take Away Notes:
1. They will understand the impact of medication administration error globally and in my context and measures being taken to fight the burden
2. They will learn how to use the Likert scale to get the perception from the participants and how to define the results
3. Prevalence of medication error from the study and compare with other institution so that to make sure we reduce the rate as we come with various strategies
4. The risk factors of medication error in my context and how we can avoid them in future to other areas too