HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at London, UK or Virtually from your home or work.

International Nursing Science Conference

August 21-23, 2023 | London, UK

August 21 -23, 2023 | London, UK
Nursing Science 2023

Juhani Heiska

Juhani Heiska, Speaker at Nursing Science Conferences
The Association of Science in East Savo, Finland
Title : There are seven main groups of causes of mental queasiness, mental disorder, and deviant behavior, which are oriented towards four areas of life.


The premise of this presentation is as follows: When, for example, a home burns down and a loved one dies, one experiences psychical queasiness. When, for example, you cannot get rid of obsessive thoughts, you experience a psychic disorder. For example, when the law is broken, deviant behavior is perceived negatively. These three bad feelings fit poorly with the phenomenon called mental sickness associated with a psychiatric diagnosis. However, they are traditionally eased with disease treatment methods. The essential thing about them is that, for example the reasons for getting a wound have very little to do with the treatment method. This also creates the problem of how to remove the causes. It is well known that focusing on the causes is important, especially in psychotherapy and preventive activities.

The list of reasons in question contains, of course, hundreds of items, and they then form seven main categories that focus on the four cornerstones. These cornerstones were already noticed by the ancient Greeks, whose lives were central to A) theater, i.e., handling human relationships, B) stadium, i.e., treatment of body condition and exercise, C) gymnasion, i.e., treatment of studies and daily activities, and D) temple, i.e., examination of activities related to faith and outlook on life. These four cornerstones are then influenced by seven main causes:

1) Loneliness’s: Situations that primarily include subjectively perceived isolation, alienation, anomie, separation anxiety, or similar.
2) Models: Situations that primarily include the opportunity to model learning.
3) Stresses: Situations that primarily include all the following: Something unpleasant has occurred. The unpleasantness continues unless acted upon in a certain manner. There are difficulties in acting in a certain way.
4) Punishment-disappointment experiences: situations in which something unpleasant has resulted from certain behavior.
5) Losses: Situations involving significant losses for the experiencer.
6) avoidance opportunities: Opportunities to avoid anxiety in a way that increases anxiety in the long term.
7) Life changes: Changes in circumstances that do not involve losses or failures but nevertheless require new actions for the experiencer.

In this way is formed a 7x4-field, in which almost any scientific research result dealing with the causes in question can be placed, and factor analysis, for example, has been used in its development. It then becomes a tool for dealing with mental queasiness, mental disturbance, and negative deviant behavior.


Juhani Heiska is a Finnish psychologist, psychotherapist, licentiate in psychology and a nonfiction writer who has published many scientific articles on mental health in international scientific journals and in congresses of the European Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Therapies. His special area is the reasons of disturbance in psychic wellbeing, psychic disturbance and negative deviant behaviour and the cornerstones of wellbeing.